What is periodontal disease and what are the early warning signs? Periodontal disease, called periodontitis, is an advanced form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss and other health problems if left untreated. Periodontitis is a progressive disease, so it’s important to recognize the early signs and be aware of how it progresses.
The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis and occurs when plaque isn’t effectively removed from the teeth and gumline. If you are suffering from gingivitis, you may notice persistent bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth. Visible symptoms include swollen, red and bleeding gums. At this early stage, gum disease is easily treated with proper brushing and flossing and a professional dental cleaning.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress into periodontitis. Periodontitis is much more serious than gingivitis because the bacteria and toxins that build up begin to affect not only your gum tissue, they also affect the bones and ligaments that support your teeth. As this infection leads to disease in your bones and ligaments, you may notice your gums receding and your teeth may become loose. At this advanced stage, surgery may be necessary, or the teeth may need to be removed.
If you have seen early warning signs of gingivitis or feel that it may have progressed further, we encourage you to call Robert Madry, DDS, General and Cosmetic Dentistry at 361-730-1420 in Corpus Christi, Texas. Our dentist, Dr. Robert Madry can help you with a treatment plan to get you back on track with your oral health.